What is Yoga?
Yoga began thousands of years ago in India as an integrated physical, emotional, and spiritual discipline founded on ancient Vedic philosophy, and it is linked to Ayurveda, the conventional Indian medicine system. Yoga gained prominence outside of India during the twentieth century, and it has continued to grow in popularity in recent decades as a method for fostering fitness and well-being worldwide. Although contemporary yoga often focuses on physical poses and is often thought of as a form of exercise, the discipline typically integrates one or more of the conventional mental or spiritual components of yoga, such as relaxation, concentrating, or meditation. As a result, yoga is regarded as a mind-body exercise.
Yoga has cardiovascular benefits such as reduced heart rate and blood pressure, as well as physical effects such as weight loss and increased muscle mass. One possible causal cause for these symptoms is the activation of pain receptors, which leads to increased vagal activity and decreased cortisol. Cortisol restriction, in turn, can lead to positive effects such as improved immune function and a lower risk of prematurity.
Yoga research is progressing in a range of fields, including chronic pain, infectious disease, cardiovascular disease, and mental health. Bibliometric surveys of published academic articles show a threefold rise in the number of publications using yoga as a clinical intervention from 2003 to 2013, with over 200 new yoga-related titles published each year since 2011.
What is Physiotherapy?
Physiotherapists are specialists in the anatomy and movement of the human body. They consult with patients of all ages to address a wide variety of health problems, including athletic accidents and musculoskeletal conditions, as well as chronic illnesses including diabetes, obesity, osteoarthritis, and stroke. Physiotherapists are interested in medical identification, diagnosis, planning, and treatment.
How Yoga and Physiotherapy are Related
In recent years, the physiotherapy profession has undergone a paradigm shift. A computational ‘biopsychosocial’ paradigm has been established in reaction to mounting scientific evidence that psychosocial problems cannot be separated from biomechanical causes.
View this post on Instagram
According to new studies, where a wider perspective of a patient’s problems is used to contextualize the patient-therapist relationship, improved patient outcomes are reached.
As a result, new literature has enabled therapists to partake in a multifaceted approach that incorporates feedback from a variety of experts such as psychiatrists, sociologists, physical therapists, and nurses.
As a result, fundamental correlations in terms of multidisciplinarity and the complexity of therapeutic treatment have been identified between yoga and physiotherapy. The combination of physiotherapy and yoga is an evidence-based solution to overall health care and improves the management of recalcitrant chronic disorders that are often compounded by dynamic biopsychosocial entanglements.
Yoga is gradually being introduced into conventional physiotherapy practice each year. Whereas conventional physiotherapy can only treat one region or muscle at a time, a single yoga posture can target many at once, boosting not only the injury’s range of motion but also reinforcing everything related to it. Yoga is well-known for the potential to produce long, thin muscles by daily exercise, but this is just a byproduct of the overall body’s physiotherapy.
Yoga provides a philosophical framework for treating fitness in a therapeutic manner. Yoga is thought to have been practiced for four to five thousand years, mostly in Asia. A widespread revival in yoga is currently taking place all over the world.
Yoga promotes inner physical and mental balance by combining postures with breathing exercises focused primarily on isometric muscle contractions. Yoga stresses physical self-control and can be seen as a method of balancing catabolic and anabolic responses within the body. Yoga practice is associated with increased focus and cognitive regulation.
Yoga also provides advice on eating patterns and self-regulation, as well as general ethical and spiritual values. Overall, the primary goal of yoga is to maintain a state of balanced wellbeing and well-being, as well as optimum fitness and improved body resistance.
Yoga activities stimulate the autonomic nerve plexuses and the endocrine system by increasing pressure in the abdominal wall. As a result, it has been proposed that yoga postures boost the efficiency of the cardio-respiratory system, improve lung function, and increase the strength and stamina of respiratory muscles, resulting in improved vital ability. It also lowers blood pressure and boosts immunity, lowers heart rate and respiratory rate, and raises red blood cell volume. There is also a substantial reduction in the amount of oxygen absorbed with reduced breath rate and improved breath volume.
Yoga can also help to reduce exhaustion. More specifically, yoga intervention improves myocardial perfusion while the regression of coronary atherosclerosis and coronary lesions in patients with serious coronary artery disease. Yoga also strengthens symptomatology, functional class, and risk factor profile. Patients who performed yoga exercises needed revascularisation procedures like coronary angioplasty or bypass surgery less often in this study.
Yoga can be considered as an ideal way of using body postures that provides enhanced cardio-pulmonary activity, such as increased breathing patterns or blood vessel contraction, as well as multiple physiological benefits from the standpoint of physiotherapy.
Yoga is founded on the following assumptions: uncertainty and multidimensionality, as well as numerous constructive effects on an individual’s wholeness through the mind, body, and their interactions. These assumptions may have the ability to improve physiotherapy practice and its fundamental concepts. To support patients, the nature of physiotherapy and rehab services as a multifaceted procedure necessitates collaboration and the contributions of multiple experts such as psychologists, sociologists, occupational therapists, and nurses. In order to professionally care for patients, the physiotherapist should ideally have experience from these branches of research. As a result, it is possible to argue that fundamental parallels exist between yoga and physiotherapy in terms of multidisciplinarity and the complexity of comprehensive treatment. Such intellectual enrichment can be a valuable source of insight for physiotherapists who are worried about the physical welfare of their patients on a regular basis.
Scientists, physiotherapists and their patients, as well as yoga practitioners, will benefit from the bridge of ideas through presented trials that are linked by shared, fundamental principles.